„Oilgarve“ – Ölförderung vor der Algarve-Küste in Portugal?
Beitrag vom 11. August 2019
In seinem dritten Video gibt Energie-Reporter Daniil Marszallek einen Überblick über den Konflikt bezüglich geplanter Vorhaben vor der Algarve-Küste in Portugal nach Erdöl und -gas zu bohren.
Portugal’s Roadmap for Carbon Neutrality 2050 (RNC2050) and current sectoral emissions of green house gases (GHG)
Beitrag vom 29. Juli 2019
“Carbon Neutrality”: A zero balance between emissions and removals of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
As in one of the previous episodes (Carbon Capture and Storage in Portugal) mentioned, Portugal has committed internationally to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, in order to achieve “carbon neutrality”. This goal is connected to the Paris Agreement, under which Portugal and other countries committed to prevent the increase of the global average temperature below 2°C and to make efforts to limit the increase to 1,5°C.
The main goal of the Roadmap for Carbon Neutrality 2050 (RNC2050) is the identification and analysis of technically feasible, economically viable and socially accepted ways, allowing Portugal to reach the objective of carbon neutrality by 2050. This goal is only reachable through a broad involvement and collaboration of all stakeholders (government, companies, universities, media etc.)
The approach is defined through adapting four sectors until 2050, mainly responsible for greenhouse gas emissions and removals, including, (i) energy, (ii) waste, (iii) transport and mobility and (iv) agriculture, forest and land use. To understand this approach, it is helpful to take a look on the sectoral emissions of greenhouse gases in the form of emitted carbon dioxide equivalent.
The energy and transport sector remain the main driver of green house gas emissions throughout the entire time series since 1990, accounting in 2019 for 29,5 % and 24,3 % respectively. Furthermore, industrial processes and product use (IPPU), agriculture and waste sectors have approximate weights, representing 11,0%, 9,8% and 6,6%, respectively.
Since 1990 the growth of emissions associated with agriculture is mainly explained by the increase in the population of cattle, sheep and birds, as well as the higher yield of rice crops.
Recently, increased emissions associated with industrial processes are related to the rise of production of clinker and nitric acid in 2017.
The increase in emissions associated with industrial processes compared to 1990 is related to the growth of emissions of fluorinated gases, mainly because of the growing subsectors of stationary air conditioning and commercial refrigeration.
In contrast to the increased emissions in the other sectors, the reduction of emissions from the waste sector in recent years is related to the use of biogas in waste and wastewater treatment systems, as well as the focus on mechanical and biological treatment aimed to reduce urban waste and the increased recovery of recyclable waste.
Impressionen aus Portugal - Teil II
Torres Vedras – Climate Change, don’t mess with this city!
There are a lot of technical solutions available to tackle the impacts of climate change, but if we don’t improve the environmental awareness of our future generations, I strongly believe, the same mistakes will appear again and again.
Beitrag vom 29. Juli 2019
The first time I got to know Torres Vedras, was on my way to Peniche, one of Portugal’s best-known places to surf. During a stop in the city, I noticed how clean and green the city was – no cars and a lot of wind turbines. During my application as an energy reporter I figured out, surprisingly, that Torres Vedras, a small city not far away from Lisbon, has won in 2015 a so called European Green Leaf Award.
The European Green Leaf Award is an initiative, which has its origin in the 7th Environment Action Program of the European Union. Its title is “Living well, within the limits of our planet”. It provides the basis for the EU environment policy up to 2020 and includes a specific policy objective: “Enhancing the Sustainability of cities in the EU”. It foresees that the EU will promote and expand existing initiatives that support innovation and best practices in cities, enabling better networking and exchanges between cities and encouraging the leading ones to show how they lead on sustainable urban development. The European Green Capital Award (EGCA) launched in 2008, is one such initiatives. Following its success, many smaller cities seek EU recognition of their effort and commitment in the areas of sustainability & environment. In response, the European Commission has launched the European Green Leaf Award.
Particularly, Torres Vedras was recognized for its mobility strategy. The strategy supported vehicle emission reduction, through encouraging electric vehicle use and the implementation of taxed parking in the city center to reduce the traffic in the historic area. Most notably is the free public bike sharing program which improved recently well, including 14 new bike sharing stations, with 30 electric bikes and charging points each. Consequently, 15 percent of public space have been remodeled, to allow better access for pedestrians and cyclists. Besides the bike sharing program, linking car parking outside the city to urban transport and an integrated parking management system were part of the mobility strategy.
Another reason for the European Green Leaf Award and what surprised me the most, was the impressive “Environmental Education Centre”, which is used to raise the environmental awareness with a strong focus on children’s awareness.
Impressionen aus Portugal - Teil I
Über das Energiesystem in Portugal
Beitrag vom 20. Juni 2019
Energie-Reporter Daniil gibt einen Überblick über Portugals Energiesystem. Die Energie-Importe sind seit 2013 signifikant angestiegen: 2017 lag die Abhängigkeit von Importen bei 80 Prozent. Die Haupt-Energieträger für Portugal sind gegenwärtig Kohle und Öl. Aber immerhin sind in den letzten Jahren die Anteile der Erneuerbaren an der im Land erzeugten Elektrizität in Portugal sprunghaft angestiegen. Welche Effekte die aktuellen Diskussionen und Auswirkungen des Klimawandels auf die Gestaltung des Energiesystems in Portugal hat, kommentiert Daniil in seinem Video.
Energie-Reporter Daniil Marszallek in Portugal über Sustainable Mobility
Beitrag vom 30. Mai 2019
Sustainable Mobility – Is Lisbon fit for the future? Electric Scooters arrived in Europe, also in Lisbon. Some love them, some hate them. But the main question is: Are the sustainable ? And how do they perform against bike sharing programs? As an Erasmus student, Daniil is studying for a while in Lisbon and shares his personal experience with us.